History of Korea It dates back to 3000. After the hands of China, Buddhism and the Chinese remained under the influence. Later, from the 7th century until the 20th century, he lived independently under the rule of various dynasties. In 1910, the Japanese invaded Korea and turned it into a colony. This situation lasted until 1945. After the defeat of Japan in the Second World War, South Korea was occupied by the US and North Korea by Russia. Thus, the communist regime in the north and the democratic regime in the south were established.
On June 25, 1950, North Korean troops, under the command of Russian officers, attacked and invaded South Korea to assert communism. Upon this, the UN decided to save South Korea. UN troops were sent to the area. This army of Turkey, joined a brigade. Mehmetçik showed great success for the removal of the occupying communist units from South Korea. The victory of Mehmetci was spread all over the world. As a result of the negotiations on July 27, 1953 a truce was signed. 38. Parallel South Korea was accepted as a border between North Korea. After the war, the democratic regime based on the presidential system was passed. The unification with North Korea is on the agenda, and it is hoped that it will soon become a single state.
South and west coast of South Korea is very indented and protruding. It is surrounded by many peninsulas and small islands. In these parts, Pusan ??and Inchon are the most important ports. Although the eastern part is mountainous, the western part is covered with large areas, plains and hills. There are no natural ports in the eastern part. It is usually mountainous. But the mountains are not high. The highest mountain is Chiri San Mountain with 1915 m. Important rivers include the Naktong, Han and Inchon Rivers.
The climate of Korea is influenced by the cold winds blowing through the winter, and the hot and humid monsoon winds blowing from the Pacific in the summer. The surface shapes of the country affect the climate. Monsoon winds also include tropical plants among the vegetation. The average annual precipitation is 1270 mm. In the south, there are frequent typhoons in September. The lowest temperature in the country is 3 ° C and the highest temperature is 24 ° C.
In the country, which was formerly covered by forests, forests were not lost due to uncontrolled slaughter, fire and disease. But there are scattered pine and bamboo trees.
It’s not rich in metal. But it is one of the leading countries in tungsten production. In addition, coal, iron, fluorine, graphite, gold, copper and lead are removed in small amounts.
Population and Social Life
The Korean population was 15 million in 1945, but today it has exceeded 43 million because of immigrants from North Korea. 32% of the people live in cities. The biggest city, the capital, is Seoul. Although Korea is a bridge between China and Japan, it has developed a unique culture. Koreans living in villages, dress and live like centuries ago. The inhabitants of the cities are under the influence of the western world.
Majority of the people believe in Confucianism and Buddhism. There are up to 10% Christian. The Islam, which was introduced by the Korean Turkish brigade, is spreading day by day. The official language used by the people and the Korca.
Training: Education is compulsory and free of charge between the ages of 6-12. The literacy rate in the country is 92%. In South Korea, there are 82 universities with 72 universities.
The 1972 Constitution gave the President the mandate elected by the National Conference for 6 years. The National Assembly has 276 members. Members of the Assembly are elected by the people for 4 years. The President has the authority to terminate the assembly.
The basis of the country’s economy is agriculture. Besides, fishing and tungsten mine are important in the industry and economy.
Agriculture: The fertile soil of the Korean Peninsula remained within the borders of South Korea. Rice cultivation takes an important place because it is the main food of the people. Rice production is over 7 million tons. Other than rice, wheat, barley, potato, soybean, tobacco and sugarcane are grown in the country.
Fisheries: One of the country’s major sources of income is fishing. Since the three sides of the country are surrounded by sea and open sea fishing, fish are hunted to be exported.
Industry: After the peninsula is divided into two, South Korea has rapidly developed its industry with the loans it has obtained from outside and has been able to export various industrial products. Weaving, paper, plywood, electrical and electronic tools are advanced. We also have plastic materials, paint, fertilizer, cement, glass factories and car factories. The engine industry was also established.
Trade: South Korea exports woven, plywood, electronic instruments, land vehicles, electrical appliances, tungsten, fish and fish products to the outside. Most of the countries selling clothing. From the outside, it takes machinery and grain. South Korea is one of the countries that trade in the United States, Japan and Hong Kong. Annual export amount is around $ 20 billion